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It was built by the Mamluk sultan al-Mansur Qalawun in 683 A.H/1284 A.D, on the site of the western Fatimid palace facing the madrasa of al-Salih in el-Moezz St. This complex is composed of 3 buildings; a dome, a madrasa and a hospital. Qalawun built the hospital because of a vow, which he had taken […]

Nilometers were used ever since the ancient Egyptian period, as they were portable Nilometers made of wood. Egyptian used the cubit system as a unit of measurement. The best height of water was 16 cubits (the cubit is about 54 cm.). The Nilometer in Rawdah Island is one of the oldest existing Islamic monuments of […]

The last Ayyubid sultan of Egypt was al-Salih Najm al-Din Ayyub, who died defending Egypt against the crusader attack that was led by Louis IX. He was the grandson of Salah al-Din Ayyub. Before his death, he built a unique school (madrasa) with the later addition of a dome. He was buried first in his […]

It is also known as the alabaster mosque because the whole mosque supposed to be covered with alabaster. It was built by Muhammad Ali; he was an Albanian officer who was appointed to be the viceroy of Egypt. He founded his own dynasty and he was the founder of modern Egypt. He began the construction […]

It was the first mosque to be built in Egypt, founded by the commander of the Arab troops. It was built in 21 A.H/641 A.D. The mosque also known as Taj al-Jawami’ or the Crown of the Mosques. The mosque’s importance today is that it indicates where Amr’s house, built near the original mosque. The […]

He was the famous theologian and the founder of the Shafi’I school of law. He was born in Gaza but stayed in Egypt. He died at age of 54. In 572/1177, Saladin built a madrasa near the tomb of Imam al-Shafi’i. It was called al-madrasa al-Nasiriya. The madrasa was totally vanished except its foundation slab. […]

It was the 4th congregational mosque. Its name derived from the name of Fatima al-Zahraa, the daughter of Prophet Muhammad or named after the Fatimid royal palaces of Cairo “al-qusor al-Zahira” or the flourishing palaces. It doesn’t bear the name of the founder, the Fatimid Caliph al-Moezz. He assigned his general and vizier Gawhar al-Saqlabi […]

It was built by Ramses II and he called his temple “the temple of millions of years of user maat Re, united with Thebes in the estate of Amon, western of Thebes”. Also it’s known as the Tomb of Ozymendias, but its modern name is Ramesseum. Its located north of the temple of Amenhotep III. […]

Deir El-Bahry or the Northern Monastery, it’s located on the western bank of the Nile. It was dedicated to Goddess Hathor and Mrytsegher. It was built by queen Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty). Its name was ḏsr ḏsrw which means the Holy of the Holies. It was designed by Senenmut as a mortuary temple for Hatshepsut. It’s […]

It’s located to the south of Karnak Temple, in the heart of the city of Luxor. It was known as “ipt rsyt” which means the Southern Opet. This temple was built above the older construction. There were blocks reused in the outer wall of the temple that was built during the reign of king Amenhotep […]


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