By 331 B.C Alexander the Macedonian had already full control of Egypt. He  conquered it in October 332 BC and crowned as a pharaoh at Memphis in November. He stayed in Egypt not more than seven months. In order to legitimate his rule and to win the allegiance (loyalty) of the Egyptian priests, he planned […]

The Cemetery of Kom El-Shoqafa This cemetery is also known as “the Catacomb”. It is located in Kom El-Shoqafa area at Karmous district, to the west of Alexandria. It dates back to the 1st or 2nd Centuries A.D. It was discovered in 1900 by chance when the legs of a donkey fell in the mouth […]

Pompey’s Pillar It was erected on the top of the platform of the temple of Serapis in 292 A.D by the people of Alexandria as thanksgiving for the Roman Emperor Diocletian. A revolt broke out in Alexandria and then, the Roman Emperor Diocletian came and surrounded the city until it surrendered because of famine and […]

  The Roman Theatre This theatre was discovered at Kom El-Dikka area by the Polish expedition in 1960 when they were removing the remains of the Old Napoleonic fort. This theatre is the only one discovered in Alexandria and it dates back to the First and Second Centuries A.D. Description: The theatre consists of auditorium […]

The Temple of Edfu Edfu is situated 132 km to the south of Luxor. It was the capital of the second Nome of Upper Egypt. In ancient times, it was called ‘Behdet’, but in the Graeco-Roman Period, it was called ‘Apollinopolis Magna’ because the Greeks identified their god Apollo with the local god of Edfu, […]

The Temple of Dendera Dendera is the Arabic name for the ancient Egyptian town Iwn or Iwnt. In the Late Period, the epithet “tꜣ-ntrt” which means “the land of the goddess”, refers to goddess Hathor, the chief goddess of Dendera. In the Graeco-Roman Period, Dendera was called Tentira. Dendera is situated on the edge of […]

The Temple of Esna Esna is situated 60 km of Luxor on the west bank of the Nile. Esna was one of the cities of the third Nome of Upper Egypt which was called Nhn and its capital was El-Kab. The oldest name of Esna was Iwynt, and then it was called tꜣ-sny or sny. […]

The Great Sphinx Sphinx is a Greek word given to a Greek mythological creature, which takes the form of the body of a lion, the head of a man and the wings of a bird. It means (The Strangler). According to the Greek mythology, the sphinx was closely connected to a Greek myth called the […]

The Northern (Red) Pyramid of Senefru: – A short distance to the north of the Bent Pyramid stands Senefru’s second pyramid at Dahshur, which wasn’t built until the 30th year of his reign. – This pyramid is called the Northern Stone Pyramid or the Red Pyramid, from the reddish color of the local stone in […]

The Northern (Bent) Pyramid Of Senefru Short Note about Dahshur: – It is located 20km south of Cairo. – It represented the 2nd major pyramid field after Saqqara. – The largest of these pyramids are those belonging to Senefru (Bent & Red) – There are three smaller pyramids of the Middle Kingdom belong to (Amenmhat […]