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Abydos Is the Greek name for the ancient Egyptian town called ꜣbḏw which was the 8th Nome of Upper Egypt. Its modern name today is el Araba and it lies South of Cairo, near the town of el Balyana, Sohag governorate. The necropolis of Abydos was called tꜣ ḏsr (the sacred land) and was used […]

God Montu, was a solar hawk god of war, he was worshipped in the Theban nome in Armant, Tod, Madu and Karnak. He was worshipped in Thebes during the 11th Dynasty and he was given the epithet “lord of Thebes”. He was depicted as a man with the head of a falcon wearing a headdress […]

The Citadel of Qaitbay is a 15th century defensive fortress located on the Mediterranean Sea coast, in Alexandria. The Fort was built in the 1480’s by Sultan Qaitbey, on the site of Alexandria’s ancient lighthouse. Parts of the remains of the lighthouse can be seen in the construction of the old fort. One of the […]

The Arabic name for the locality where this temple stood, Wadi al-Sebua “Valle of the Lions”, is derived from the avenue of sphinxes that led up to the temple. The temple dates to the reign of Ramesses II, and was moved to a new site about four kilometers west of its original position by the […]

Before the Nubian Rescue campaign, the small rock-cut temple of Beit was located in a side valley a short distance to the northwest of the Temple of Kalabsha. It is now at new Kalabsha, where it was reconstructed in a rocky hillside in the same position relative to Kalabsha Temple as it was previously. The […]

The Temple of Amada is the oldest surviving monument on Lake Nasser and also one of the most delightful. It is situated in one of the most dramatically beautiful parts of Nubia. Although the exterior of the temple is very plain, the interior contains game of the finest relief carving to be seen in any […]

The unfinished obelisk of Aswan is known to be the largest obelisk in Egypt. It was constructed by Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty). The Obelisk is 4 sided, tapered monument, it was known as tḫnw. It is made out of granite quarry in Aswan. If it was completed, it would have been the heaviest obelisk ever cut […]

After years of attempts and hard work, the great Egyptologist, Auguste Mariette, was paramount in the opening of the Egyptian Museum, located in the famous Tahrir Square, when it opened to public on the November 15th, 1902. Situated in front of the main entrance of the Museum Of Egyptian Antiquities, is a small artificial lake surrounded by […]

Historical Introduction: It was built by Saladin in 571 AH/1183 AD under the supervision of his own vizier Baha‘ al-Din Qaraqush. Saladin whose real name was Salah aI-Din Yusuf was a Kurdish officer and a great Muslim leader. He was born into a prominent Kurdish family. Saladin spent his youth in Damascus; where his main […]

The small town of Kom Ombo is situated on the East side of the Nile, 45 kilometers to the north of the city of Aswan and about 800 kilometers to the south of Cairo, the capital of Egypt. The word “Kom” in Arabic means the small hill and the word “Ombo”, in the Hieroglyphic ancient […]


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