Philae in Greek or Pilak in ancient Egyptian, meaning “The end”, defined the southernmost limit of Egypt. Philae was originally located near the expansive First Cataract of the Nile in Upper Egypt and was the site of an Egyptian temple complex. The Ancient Egyptians built a beautiful and magnificent Temple on this island for the […]

The Pyramid of Meidum was formerly thought to be built by Huni, but is now believed to be constructed by Senefru. Senefru’s Pyramid at Meidum: It was the first pyramid to have a square ground plan and was intended to be the first that was geometrically ”true”. To achieve the true pyramid shape, loose stones […]

King Djoser: He was the 2nd king of the 3rd dynasty and the owner of the unique Step Pyramid Complex at Saqqara. Imhotep (who comes in peace) He was the chief Architect of King Djeser and Perhaps the first vizier in Dynastic Egypt. He was also an Astronomer and a physician. The Greeks identified him […]

Saqqara is the site of the principal necropolis of the ancient city of Memphis. It lies some 17 km from Giza. The name of the site is derived from the name of an Arab tribe once resident in the area. This Arab tribe was probably named after the ancient Egyptian deity Sokar who was worshipped […]

It’s known as “t3 st nfrw” which means “the land of beauty”. It lies to the western side of the Nile. It consists of 2 branches, which take V or Y shape which looks like he horns of Hathor, so the cave represented the womb of Hathor and the water symbolizes fertility, so the burial […]

The Colossi of Memnon, two massive stone statues of the Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who reigned in Egypt during the 18th dynasty. They are stand in Thebes (modern Luxor). Memnon was a hero of the Trojan War, Memnon was said to be the son of Eos, the goddess of dawn. The best-known legend about the Colossi […]

The High Dam of Aswan is one of the most important achievements of Egypt during the last century. The Aswan Low Dam was constructed in 1898 under the direction of Sir William Willcocks. The dam was completed in 1902 and was raised several times to alleviate the Nile from flooding. However, the Aswan Low Dam […]

It is located in Old Cairo near the Hanging Church of St. Mary. It was built on the remains of the Roman Fortress of Babylon surrounded by oldest churches. It was established by Murcus Semika Pasha in 1908. Only the Coptic Museum had an Egyptian founder and director. He called Pope Kiroles V to help […]

It was constructed by Ismail Pasha. Its name attributed to Abdeen Bay who owned a small palace which once occupied the site of Abdeen Palace, Ismail bought his palace from his widow and demolish it and established his palace. It was the beginning of modern Cairo because during that time Ismail Pasha ordered the layout […]

The museum consists of houses: 1. The larger house located to the east, it was built by al-Hag Muhammad Ibn el-Hag Salem el-Gazar. A wealthy Muslim woman from Crete was lived there so the house named after her name as Beit el-Kritiliya or the house of the Crete woman. 2. The second house located to […]