Deir El-Bahry or the Northern Monastery, it’s located on the western bank of the Nile. It was dedicated to Goddess Hathor and Mrytsegher.
It was built by queen Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty).
Its name was ḏsr ḏsrw which means the Holy of the Holies.
It was designed by Senenmut as a mortuary temple for Hatshepsut. It’s a copy of the mortuary temple of Mentohotep II.
The Causeway lined with trees and sphinxes. The temple was built on Three Levels with two wide ramps.
The Interior Design:
1. The First Level:
There was a garden in the 1st courtyard in which exotic trees and shrubs from Hatshepsut’s trading expedition to Punt were planted.
Behind the courtyard, there is a colonnade with square pillars.
2. The Second Level:
A wide ramp runs from the center of the First Courtyard to the Second Level. There are 2 statues of crouching lions flanking the entrance.
To the Right of the ramp, there is a Birth Colonnade decorated with the Divine Birth of Hatshepsut, but it was destroyed by Tutmosis III and those of Amon-Re destroyed by Akhenaton.
To the Left of the ramp, there is the colonnade of Punt (shows that Hatshepsut sent a trading expedition to Punt to bring incense and mr trees)
– The Chapel of Hathor:
It lies in the southern end of the 2nd level colonnade. It’s decorated with 12 Hathoric columns. There are many scenes shows Hatshepsut suckling from Hathor.
– The Chapel of Anubis:
It lies in the northern end of the 2nd level colonnade. It contains a Hypostyle Hall with 12 fluted columns.
3. The Third Level:
A wide ramp runs from the center of the Second Courtyard to the Third Level. There are 2 statues of Horus as a falcon stands at each side of the entrance.
It’s consisted of a portico with 2 rows of columns. The outer columns were made of Osirid form of Hatshepsut and the inner columns were octagonal columns.
To the Right hand side, there is a Chapel of Solar Cult and a limestone Altar to Rehorakhty.
To the Left hand side, there is a Chapel dedicated to the Royal Cult.
– The Sanctuary itself lies behind the Courtyard and during the Ptolemaic period, it was rebuilt and rededicated to Imhotep (the Vizier of Djoser) and Amenhotep son of Hapu.