Hawara Pyramid was made for Amenemhet III of the 12th Dynasty in ancient Egypt and is located about 9 kilometers east of the oasis of Fayoum.
Amenemhet III was the 6th Pharaoh of the 12th dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. He was the son of King Sesostris III and he ruled for 45 years. He had a pyramid in Dahshur but now it is collapsed.
The Pyramid of Hawara was built out of brick stones and then coated by limestone. It is sometimes called the Black Pyramid. When it was still standing, the Pyramid of Hawara was a large
The pyramid was built with a height of 58 m with an angle of 48° 45′, as the king built another pyramid in Dahshur which had been abandoned because it’s lack of suitability.
He made the entrance to his pyramid in the Southern section, which is unusual, as the entrance would be in the Northern section of the pyramids (This was an intelligent idea by the King in order to mislead any thieves who would want to rob the items put inside the pyramid). It descends down into a first chamber, from where it appears to continue to the north, leading to the end. A short passage in the ceiling of the first chamber running east leads to an antechamber from which the actual burial chamber can be entered when entered in the nineteenth century, the pyramid was found to contain two sarcophagi one for Amenemhet III and one for his daughter nefrw-ptah. She was buried temporarily in her father’s pyramid until her own tomb could be completed.
The mortuary temple lies south of the monument which was called “Labyrinth” by the Greek. This temple used to contain 12 halls with ceilings, with six of them positioned to the north and the other six positioned to the south.
It is believed that it was contained more than 300 different rooms and chambers, with half of them located under the ground.
Nothing remains of this structure today except the pillars of the ground floor while the underground floor has not yet been excavated.