Qarun Lake is located on the northwestern part in Fayoum, is one of Egypt’s most treasured natural landmarks.
During the reigns of Sesostris III and his son Amenemhat III (12th Dynasty), the area that’s now known as Al Fayoum was entirely covered by Lake Qarun. Both pharaohs dug a series of canals linking Qarun to the Nile, and drained much of the lake.
Lake Qarun is the third largest lake in Egypt and the second most famous one after Lake Nasser in the Southern part of Egypt. Within the Fayoum, it is simply referred to as the Berka, which means “the small lake” in Arabic.
It is considered an interior lake which is not related to any sea.
The lake level ranges between 44.3 meters and 44.8 meters under sea level.
The lake’s main sources of water are from agriculture drainage and domestic wastewater. The lake is fed by two important banks (Albats Bank and the valley Bank) and twelve subsidiary banks.
The lake area is characterized by important geological formations, scientifically and historically, various groups of plants, The lake is now an important bird area where thousands of migratory birds rest during their winter migration pattern south, including large numbers of flamingos, grey herons, spoonbills and many duck species.
It has been discovered mammal fossils date to about 10 million years, seemed as monkey fossil, and some mold trees and you can rent a rowing boat.
There are some archaeological Pharaonic, Roman, Coptic areas, such as (churches spot, al sagha Temple, Qarun Palace & Abu leifa monastery), as well as some fossil plants and animals. Qarun Lake has been declared as the protected area in 1989.