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The Founder: He was born in Baghdad. His father had been a Turkish slave of Mongol Origin who rose to occupy the post of commander of the caliph’s guards. Ahmed was sent to Egypt by the Abbasid caliph as a viceroy, and then he gained more power as a leader until he founded the 1st […]

It was built by the Mamluk sultan al-Mansur Qalawun in 683 A.H/1284 A.D, on the site of the western Fatimid palace facing the madrasa of al-Salih in el-Moezz St. This complex is composed of 3 buildings; a dome, a madrasa and a hospital. Qalawun built the hospital because of a vow, which he had taken […]

The last Ayyubid sultan of Egypt was al-Salih Najm al-Din Ayyub, who died defending Egypt against the crusader attack that was led by Louis IX. He was the grandson of Salah al-Din Ayyub. Before his death, he built a unique school (madrasa) with the later addition of a dome. He was buried first in his […]

It is also known as the alabaster mosque because the whole mosque supposed to be covered with alabaster. It was built by Muhammad Ali; he was an Albanian officer who was appointed to be the viceroy of Egypt. He founded his own dynasty and he was the founder of modern Egypt. He began the construction […]

It was the first mosque to be built in Egypt, founded by the commander of the Arab troops. It was built in 21 A.H/641 A.D. The mosque also known as Taj al-Jawami’ or the Crown of the Mosques. The mosque’s importance today is that it indicates where Amr’s house, built near the original mosque. The […]

He was the famous theologian and the founder of the Shafi’I school of law. He was born in Gaza but stayed in Egypt. He died at age of 54. In 572/1177, Saladin built a madrasa near the tomb of Imam al-Shafi’i. It was called al-madrasa al-Nasiriya. The madrasa was totally vanished except its foundation slab. […]

It was the 4th congregational mosque. Its name derived from the name of Fatima al-Zahraa, the daughter of Prophet Muhammad or named after the Fatimid royal palaces of Cairo “al-qusor al-Zahira” or the flourishing palaces. It doesn’t bear the name of the founder, the Fatimid Caliph al-Moezz. He assigned his general and vizier Gawhar al-Saqlabi […]


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