The city of Tell El Amarna was built by Akhenaton on the East bank of the Nile river. It is located nowadays 12 KM South-East of Mallawi / EI Menya Governorate.
His city Akhet itn extended some 12km from North-South. Its boundaries were marked by means of boundary stelae erected by the king.
Akhenaton built this city to become the new capital of Egypt during his 6th regnal year. He made an oath never to leave this new capital which was swiftly built out of mud bricks.
1) Northern town
It contains administrative and official buildings.
2) Northern Suburb
It contains residential houses and merchants quarter.
3) Central city
It contains palaces of the royal family and temples of the god Aton and Priests quarter
4) Southern suburb
It contains huge gardens and pools made for the god Aton.
5) The Southern city
It contains villas for important high officials and members of the court of Akhenaton.
6) The Necropolis
It contains the royal tomb and a number of private rock cut tombs that occupy the Northern and Southern sides of the necropolis. The private tombs were rock cut tombs that were gifts given by the king to his loyal followers. They are numbered from 1 to 25 and can be divided into two groups by means of the Royal Wadi that contains the royal tomb of Akhenaton.
The Northern tombs: numbered from 1 -6 and located on the Northern side of the Necropolis.
The Southern tombs: numbered from 7 25 and located on the Southern side of the necropolis.
Many of these tombs are unfinished because of the sudden death of Akhenaton and the return of the capital to Thebes.
The general plan of these tombs is an outer court which leads to the chapel, which in turn leads to the transverse hall and to the shrine. His type of plan is known as the cruciform plan. As for the decoration, all the walk are decorated by colorful scenes representing King Akhenaton and the royal family; these scenes are all following the Amarna rules of art. The most important of these tombs are:
Tomb of Huya, no.1
Tomb of Ahmose, no.3
Tomb of Mry Ra, no. 4
Tomb of Penthu, no. 5