God Montu, was a solar hawk god of war, he was worshipped in the Theban nome in Armant, Tod, Madu and Karnak.
He was worshipped in Thebes during the 11th Dynasty and he was given the epithet “lord of Thebes”.
He was depicted as a man with the head of a falcon wearing a headdress pf two long plumes, a solar disc and double ureas.
The village of Tod s located on the eastern bank of the Nile and south of Luxor.
In 1934, Fernand Bisson de la Roque cleared the ruins of the first two halls, both of which could be dated to the Ptolemaic period. The first was a hypostyle hall, and the other was dominated by the high crypt.
There is a church at the back of the temple.
There is a well-preserved quay in front of the entrance on the western side. The quay with paved flooring leads to the avenue of sphinxes. This western entrance was a later addition to the temple.
The columned court (hypostyle hall), which was probably begun during the reign of Ptolemy VIII, had various chambers including a hidden treasury room above the chapel on the south side.
To the north there is a way station which housed the barque of Montu. This was built by Tuthmose III and restored by Amenhotep II.
Also to the north-east, remains of a small sacred lake can be seen.
To the east lies the main part of the remaining temple, dating from the New Kingdom to Roman times.
The Ptolemaic halls contain several chambers, including a hidden side room which was a treasury above a chapel of Thenent on the south side of the temple. This Chapel of Thenent constitutes a ‘birth house’ which shows beautiful depictions of goddesses, including the hippopotamus goddess Tauret.
Between 1981 and 1991, the site was again excavated, this time by Musee du Louvre focusing on the temple’s surroundings. The excavators discovered private chapels that survived until the New Kingdom. There was no western entrance to the temple until the avenue was created in the third century BC, probably by Ptolemy IV.
The Middle Kingdom temple complex was mostly dedicated to the cult of the important Egyptian god, Montu, who has a number of other temples in this region dedicated to him. The surviving monuments today are of New Kingdom and later date. They include the partially preserved barque shrine of Montu built by Tuthmosis III and restored by Amenhotep II, Seti I, Amenmesse, and Ramesses III and IV. It stands before the chambers built during the Ptolemaic period. Only the front wall of Senusret I’s structure remains, though it has good examples of later usurpation and reworking.
A Roman kiosk was located near the Ptolemaic temple. North of the two Ptolemaic halls there was a lake dug out, either while or shortly after the halls were built.