The Colossi of Memnon, two massive stone statues of the Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who reigned in Egypt during the 18th dynasty. They are stand in Thebes (modern Luxor).
Memnon was a hero of the Trojan War, Memnon was said to be the son of Eos, the goddess of dawn.
The best-known legend about the Colossi of Memnon is that of the ‘Vocal Memnon’, in which one of the statues was reputed to ‘sing’ every morning at dawn. The ‘singing’ of the colossus, therefore, was said to have been made by Eos mourning for her dead son. It has been suggested that due to the increase in temperature at dawn; the dew inside the porous rock evaporates, thus causing the statue to ‘sing’.
During the visit of Septimius Severus, he decided to repair the broken statue. This caused the statue to stop ‘singing’ forever.
The original function of the colossi was to serve as guardians at the entrance of the pharaoh’s mortuary temple.