This temple of Hathor and Nefertari is known as the Small Temple. It is Iocated about one hundred meters northeast of the Great Temple. It was built by Ramesses II who dedicated it to the goddess Hathor, the lady of Ebshek and to his chief consort, Nefertari. This was in fact the second time in ancient Egyptian History that a temple was dedicated to a queen. The first time, Amenhotep III dedicated a temple to his great royal wife Tiye.
Its rock-cut façade, It is hewn from the rock in imitation of a pyIon with a cavetto cornice which is nowadays missing. The Façade does not form an exact right angle with the main axis of the temple.
The façade is decorated with two groups of three colossi that are separated by a large gateway. The statues are slightly more than ten meters high and they represent the king and his queen.
On either side of the entrance to the temple is a statue of Ramesses ll once wearing the white crown and once wearing the double crown. Then next to him on either side is a deified of Nefertari wearing the emblem of Hathor above her head and holding the sistrum in her hand. Next to her statue, Ramses II is represented again. Thus the statues of Nefertari are flanked by those of Ramesses ll. Her statues are the same height as those of Ramses which is unusual.
Between the legs of the six colossal statues there are small statues depicting their children. There is a frieze of cobras above the entrance door which is in the center of the façade. High above the doorway is a block of undressed stone which may have been made for carving the head of Hathor.
1. Pillared Hall:
The doorway leads into a squared pillared hall divided into three aisles by six pillars. These pillars are decorated from their fronts by the head of the cow eared goddess Hathor. On the other sides are scenes of the royal coupIe and various deities.
The scenes decorating this hall are simpler and less colorful than those in the Great Temple.
2. The Transverse Hall:
From the pillared hall, three doorways lead into a narrow Transverse hall with scenes showing the queen making offerings in front of Hathor.
3. The Sanctuary:
Beyond the Transverse Hall is the Sanctuary. Its rear wall is decorated by a recess in the form of a Chapel whose roof is supported by sistra.
In this recess is a figure of the goddess Hathor in high relief, and under her head is a representation of the queen.