Tomb of Khnumhotepll (BH 3)
This tomb is located at the upper part of the cemetery, cut at the face of the cliff overlooking the Nile.
lt dates back to the reign of Amenemhat II, the third king of the 12th Dynasty.
This tomb is famous for its Asiatic scene which proves the existence of mutualtrade between the Egyptians and the Asiatic.
The tomb was used as dwelling place not only due to the removal of the columns but also because it contains grooves made by the dwellers probably for lighting purposes.
Khnumhotep ll was the successor of Ameni, the owner of tomb no.2, so he was also the Governor of the Oryx Nome. Among his other titles were;
The Overseer of the Eastern dessert
The Overseer of Priests
The Prince of Mnˁt Khufu
He was the son of Neheri and Bakhet, the husband of Kheti and the father of ten children.
The Interior Plan:
The Tomb consists of:
Main Chapel (with four burial shafts)
It consists of a small rectangular hall whose vaulted roof is supported by two fluted columns tapering towards the top.
The portico showed no scenes.
Its back wall contains a rectangular doorway which gives access to the main chapel. This doorway has been polished and painted to imitate pink granite.
It is an almost squared hall that measures 9.6* 9.7 meters. It is reached by three steps because its ground level is lower than the portico.
The chapel and its vaulted roof are divided into three aisles by four sixteen sided columns arranged in two rows. These columns have disappeared nowadays so they were only made for decorative purposes.
The roof is decorated by chess like patterns.
The rear wall of the Main hall gives access to the Shrine through a doorway that has been polished and painted to imitate pink granite.
It is a rectangular room. Its floor is on the same level as the main chapel but its roof is lower.
The walls of the shrine were decorated and it contains the statue of the deceased which is nowadays in ruins flanked by a statue of his mother and wife (now missing).
The main chapel is decorated by daily life and funerary scenes that still retain their vivid colors.
The upper register, all around the main chapel is decorated by Khekeru motifs.