Umm Dababeyya is a protected area located in the Qena Governorate by the sedimentary sequence of the Eastern Desert mountains. Umm Dababeyya has an estimated age of 50–55 million years old. The protected area is considered to show an ideal geological sequence that represents a time scale considered to the most perfect strata in the world. The strata represent a history of the beginnings of modern fauna and flora. This precious section of the protected area has allowed geologist estimate the age of the earth by identifying the marine sediments and determining the processes that coincided with their deposition and the creatures that contributed to each stratum.