The Valley of the Golden Mummies is a huge burial site at Bahariya Oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt, dating to the Greco-Roman period. It was discovered by Mr. Zahi Hawas in 1996, it is located 6 kilometers to the Southwest of Bawiti, the largest city of the Bahareya Oasis.
He discovered more than 10,000 mummies lying within the cemetery.
They were decorated with many different styles. There were four general styles:
The First style, which was found on approximately sixty mummies, has a gilded mask covering the face and a gilded waistcoat depicting different scenes of gods and goddesses across the chest.
The Second style is covered with cartonnage. This method consisted of covering the face of the mummy with a mask made out of linen and plaster. This mask was then decorated with many colorful reliefs. The mouth eyes of the deceased were then painted on the mask to give a clearer image of his face, depicting scenes of gods such as Anubis, the god of mummification, and his four children.
The Third style was not decorated with gold or cartonnage, but rather was placed inside an anthropoid, a pottery coffin.
The Fourth style was covered in linen.
Artifacts had been buried with each mummy. Some examples include jewelry bracelets, pottery of food trays, wine jars, and Ptolemaic coins.